Athens- Limassol- Geneva
Inverted Nipples are a very common deformity of the breast and reffers to the lack of projection of the nipple. It occures to one out of ten women, and it can be bilateral or unilateral. According to the gravity of the problem it may affect breast feeding or not, and can be categorized into grades.
Grade 1 refers to nipples that can easily be pulled out, by using finger pressure around the areola. The Grade 1 inverted nipple maintains its projections and rarely retracts.
Grade 2 is the nipple which can be pulled out, though not as easily as the Grade 1 inverted nipple but which retracts after pressure is released. Breast feeding could be possible even though it is more likely to be either very difficult or impossible.
Grade 3 describes a severely inverted and retracted nipple which can rarely be pulled out physically and which requires surgery in order to be protracted. Milk ducts are often constricted and breast feeding is impossible. People with Grade 3 inverted nipples may also struggle with infections, rashes, or problems with nipple hygiene.
The correction of an inverted nipple is done with a minor surgical intervention, under local anesthesia. Two different techniques are used, depending on the grade of the inversion, the age of the patient and the possibility to breast feed.